Munich (Munchen) is the
capital and principal city of Bavaria and the third largest city in Germany. Munich is situated
on the Isar River near the Austrian border. The city's name is derived from Munichen, which means "home of the monks". Munich
was established in 1157 when Henry the Lion, duke of
Bavaria, granted trade, coinage, and customs priviledges
to a market center established by monks near their monastery,
probably founded in 750 AD.